5:53 am - Saturday September 23, 2017

अफगानिस्तान के बदलते समीकरण क्या हमारे हितों के विरुद्ध हैं – हमें चीन के समकक्ष आर्थिक ताकत बनना होगा Rivalries sharpening in Afghanistan

अफगानिस्तान के बदलते समीकरण क्या हमारे हितों के विरुद्ध हैं – हमें चीन के समकक्ष आर्थिक ताकत बनना होगा Rivalries sharpening in Afghanistan

अफगानिस्तान एक बार फिर बड़ी ताकतों की शतरंज का मोहरा बन रहा है . रूस चीन व् पाकिस्तान के साथ मिल कर तालिबान को वापिस लाना चाह रहा है . इससे अमरीका को कठिनाई हो रही है .पाकिस्तान इस बदलती परिस्थिति से खुश है . कमजोर अमरीका को एक धक्का रूस अफानिस्तान मैं भी देना चाहता है . चीन भी अमरीका को कमजोर देखना चाहता है . उसके ९००० सैनिक किसी काम के नहीं रहेंगे और दुबारा वह सेना अफगानिस्तान मैं नहीं झोंकेगा . भारत को अफगानिस्तान मैं अपनी सेना भेजना मुर्खता होगी . हम बड़ी ताकत नहीं हैं क्योंकि हमारी आर्थिक शक्ति बहुत कम है .विशेषतः हमारा निर्यात बहुत कम है . एच १ बी वीसा पर अमरीकी प्रतिबन्ध लगने से स्थिति और गंभीर हो जायेगी .वैसे भी आर्टिफीसियल इन्तेल्लिजेंस से कंप्यूटर क्षेत्र मैं आय गिरेगी . इसलिए हमारी सीमा बहुत कम है . नेपाल , बांग्लादेश चीन से सम्बंध  बढ़ा रहे हैं क्योंकी वह अपना बड़ा बटुआ खोले बैठा है . अमरीका हमारा मित्र नहीं है बल्कि वह अपने स्वार्थ मैं हमारा उपयोग कर रहा है जैसे उसने कभी पकिस्तान का किया था . जब तक हम उसके लिए उपयोगी हैं हमारी पूछ है . इसलिए हमें गिरते अमरीका का इस क्षेत्र मैं विकल्प बनना होगा . चीन का हमारे क्षेत्र मैं घुसना गलत है परन्तु तुलसीदास जी कह चुके हैं की ‘ समरथ के न  दोष गुसाईं  .

हम चीन की आर्थिक ताकत का मुकाबला जब तक कर पाएंगे तब तक विश्व् चीन  को गोद मैं बैठ चुका होगा . हमारे पास  तेज़ी से आर्थिक विकास के अलावा  कोई विकल्प नहीं है .

नीचे दिया लेख पढ़ें

Rivalries sharpening in Afghanistan

G PARTHASARATHY

In the theatre of endless wars
ReutersIn the theatre of endless wars
Given the strategic nexus between China and Pakistan, it’s futile to believe that India has any influence on their policies
Ever since the Soviet invasion in December 1979, Afghanistan has been the virtual epicentre of global geopolitical rivalries. Afghans assert that the main cause for their misery and suffering has been the policies and ambitions of their malevolent neighbour, Pakistan. While there was a significant reduction in external rivalries immediately after the post 9/11 American-led military intervention in 2001, the prospects for reconciliation and peace in Afghanistan have now receded.
The US and its Nato allies have deep differences with Russia, China, Pakistan and Iran, on the way forward for restoring peace in Afghanistan. India and Afghanistan’s Central Asian neighbours regard the role of the Taliban and its ISI mentors with deep suspicion and misgivings.
There has been no change in Pakistan’s policy of seeking a takeover of Afghanistan by the radical Islamist groups it backs, such as the Haqqani Network and the Taliban. India has legitimate concerns, based on past experience, that a Pakistan-sponsored takeover of Afghanistan will lead to Afghanistan again becoming a centre for Pakistan-sponsored terrorism and aircraft hijacking, directed against New Delhi.
China has provided very little economic assistance to the democratically elected government in Afghanistan. Beijing has, however, used the ISI to strengthen ties with the Taliban while backing Pakistan’s efforts to promote a ‘dialogue’ between the Taliban and the Afghan government. These joint Chinese-Pakistani efforts, earlier backed by the Obama administration and designed to promote the Taliban as an ‘equal partner’ in its talks with the internationally recognised and elected Afghan government, predictably failed. No self-respecting Afghan government can or will recognise the ISI-backed Taliban as an equal partner in talks about the future of the country.

Legitimising the Taliban

With the Americans occupied in presidential elections, Russia entered the scene. Joined by China and Pakistan, Moscow tried to corner the Afghan government by seeking to act as a mediator/facilitator in promoting dialogue between Kabul and the Taliban.
The Afghan government was not amused and rejected Moscow’s offer, which echoed Pakistan’s strategic priorities. New Delhi also saw these developments as a diplomatic effort by Russia, Pakistan and China, to give the Taliban unacceptable international legitimacy. As Indian and Afghan displeasure and unease became evident, the Russians broadened the talks to include India, Iran, the Central Asian Republics and the US. The US declined to join saying that Russia had not answered its queries on what the precise purpose of the Moscow talks was.
The recent round of talks in Moscow with the expanded membership ended inconclusively. Backed by New Delhi, Afghanistan rejected Moscow’s moves to act as the Good Samaritan in brokering talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government. The Taliban, in turn, with a so-called ‘office’ in Qatar, wants to be treated as an ‘equal participant’ in any talks with the elected Afghan government. Going beyond the limits that China has observed in its ties with the Taliban, Moscow has significantly broadened its contacts with the Taliban, in collusion with Pakistan. According to the Americans and the Afghan government, Russia has supplied the Taliban medium weapons, including machine guns. Moscow has also evidently persuaded Iran, its ally in Syria, to back its moves in Afghanistan. Given the American hostility towards it, Tehran has duly obliged Moscow, even though it had earlier worked together with India and Russia to back the ‘Northern Alliance’ against the Taliban.

McMaster’s visit

It was amidst these developments that the US National Security Adviser HR McMaster recently visited Kabul, Islamabad and Delhi. The visit came in the wake of the Trump administration authorising the use of a MOAB (Massive Ordnance Airburst Bomb) against ISIS positions in Nangarhar province of Afghanistan, bordering Pakistan. This bombing may have looked spectacular, but was not particularly meaningful. Speaking in Kabul, McMaster averred that the US was weighing diplomatic, military and economic responses to the Taliban and the ISIL in Afghanistan, adding: “Pakistan must pursue its interests in Afghanistan and elsewhere through the use of diplomacy and not through the use of proxies.”
Zalmay Khalilzad, who was the Bush administration’s ambassador to Afghanistan and Iraq, is now in touch with the Trump team on developments in Afghanistan. Khalilzad has indicated that the Trump administration will work with Afghanistan to make it self-reliant and prevent the country from becoming a terrorist haven again. As this will involve working closely with US allies, Trump’s policies on Afghanistan are to be finalised before the G7 Summit in Italy on May 15.
While it appears evident that there will be no precipitous US withdrawal from Afghanistan, Khalilzad’s remarks suggest that while the US and Nato military logistical and training missions and economic support to Afghanistan will continue, the Afghan army will have to be professionalised and trained for combat to meet national challenges. The brutal killing of over 140 soldiers in the Northern Balkh province by the Taliban should incentivise the Afghan army to raise its levels of professionalism and strike back vigorously.

Diplomatic offensive

Pakistan’s continuing links with global terrorism have been reconfirmed by information that Osama Bin Laden’s successor Ayman al Zawahiri is now known to be living under ISI protection in Karachi. With US forces still fighting the Al Qaeda in Yemen and elsewhere, India and Afghanistan would be well advised to mount a diplomatic offensive in the US and elsewhere to expose Pakistan’s continuing support for radicalism and global Islamic terrorism. Regionally, India will have to engage Iran, the Central Asian Republics and Russia about the need to render unqualified support to the elected Afghan government and back its efforts for internal reconciliation. In the meantime, we will have to await the result of the policy review on Afghanistan by the Trump administration, even as we continue to provide economic and military assistance to Afghanistan.
Given the growing strategic nexus between China and Pakistan, it would be futile to believe that the Afghanistan policies of either can be influenced by India. Pakistan can be persuaded to change its policies on Afghanistan only if we cooperate with others in raising the costs domestically and internationally for its army’s GHQ in Rawalpindi, in cooperation with others who are similarly inclined. New Delhi will, no doubt, be considering what can and needs to be done on this score.
The writer is a former High Commissioner to Pakistan 
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