5:34 am - Wednesday August 12, 2020

Fertility rate: ‘Jaw-dropping’ global crash in children being born : A Great Opportunity For India If cashed with Strong Will

Fertility rate: ‘Jaw-dropping’ global crash in children being born : A Great Opportunity For India If cashed with Strong Will

R.K.Upadhyay rp_RKU-150x150.jpg

 

The prosperous countries globally are experiencing a decrease in population growth . The population in rich countries will substantially go down in the next fifty years .  Indian population is expected to reach 1.5 billion before stablisation and will dwindle to 1.1 billion by 2100 as per the estimate below . Soft , law abiding , well educated hindu as well as similar people of other communities , should be  a natural choice for countries seeking immigrants like Canada , Australia , Japan , Russia  etc . In UK , USA etc Indian immigrants are doing very well in education and are hardworking , apolitical and not crime prone unlike many other communities . But they are insular and their rapid progress and wealth often generate jealousy as one witnessed in Australia in recent years and in UK in eighties and in Africa earlier. Chinese are a great competition with similar traits. Also less educated population from Islamic countries makes much more effort to get foreign Visas misusing the human right provisions in liberal democracies and often by illegal means. The criminal misconduct of Syrian refugees on Christmas / New year celebrations in 2017  was hushed under the carpet by German authorities . Now stabbing and truck attacks are becoming more common in UK etc. Also even highly educated muslim population like doctors are now getting involved in terrorism thus increasing the chasm in these countries .

India has not adequately publicised or sold the unique achievements of its apolitical and non criminal , immigrant population . Pakistanis in UK are better organised , united by Ummah and mosques and traditionally have far greater presence in political system except in Boris Johnson ministry . Even progressive Sikhs abroad are much more vocal and well organised . However for some strange reasons there are strong Khalistani elements in Sikh community abroad  who have forgotten their torture and expulsion from Pakistan but keep abusing India in public for Golden temple episode, ignoring the misdeeds of Bhinderanwala . VHP/ RSS  needs to be more active in foreign countries and create more effective umbrella organisations. Joint  Indian festivals or opening popular festivals like Diwali to public could even be considered and subsidised by Indian government .

The NRI cell in MEA ministry should market India not only  through its embassies but also by appointing liason agencies for increasing the demand for Indian educated immigrant in preference over others on purely performance basis . But most of the NRIs are nationals of host countries and legal issues needs to be sorted out . Indian missions abroad are not Indian friendly and often cause harassment which need to be first accepted and then remedied .

Also Indians have a tendency for sectarian grouping like Tamil/ Malyalee / Punjabi / Gujrati / Sikh / Telgu societies which try to have their own charity organisations and cultural functions which often confuse foreign governments. They often compete for crumbs of influence . Indian missions should work to unite them for serving the nation by using the Indian identity rather than regional or religious identity and contact with governments should only be through designated agencies on Indian identity. Different communities can however have and enjoy their traditional festivals and culture etc  .

Article below is a good reading .

India should be more alive to  harness the opportunity the decreasing birth rate is offering globally in developed world .

 

 

Fertility rate: ‘Jaw-dropping’ global crash in children being born

NewbornImage copyrightGETTY IMAGES

The world is ill-prepared for the global crash in children being born which is set to have a “jaw-dropping” impact on societies, say researchers.

Falling fertility rates mean nearly every country could have shrinking populations by the end of the century.

And 23 nations – including Spain and Japan – are expected to see their populations halve by 2100.

Countries will also age dramatically, with as many people turning 80 as there are being born.

What is going on?

The fertility rate – the average number of children a woman gives birth to – is falling.

If the number falls below approximately 2.1, then the size of the population starts to fall.

In 1950, women were having an average of 4.7 children in their lifetime.

Researchers at the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation showed the global fertility rate nearly halved to 2.4 in 2017 – and their study, published in the Lancet, projects it will fall below 1.7 by 2100.

Graph of number of children women have

As a result, the researchers expect the number of people on the planet to peak at 9.7 billion around 2064, before falling down to 8.8 billion by the end of the century.

“That’s a pretty big thing; most of the world is transitioning into natural population decline,” researcher Prof Christopher Murray told the BBC.

“I think it’s incredibly hard to think this through and recognise how big a thing this is; it’s extraordinary, we’ll have to reorganise societies.”

Why are fertility rates falling?

It has nothing to do with sperm counts or the usual things that come to mind when discussing fertility.

Instead it is being driven by more women in education and work, as well as greater access to contraception, leading to women choosing to have fewer children.

In many ways, falling fertility rates are a success story.

Which countries will be most affected?

Japan’s population is projected to fall from a peak of 128 million in 2017 to less than 53 million by the end of the century.

Italy is expected to see an equally dramatic population crash from 61 million to 28 million over the same timeframe.

They are two of 23 countries – which also include Spain, Portugal, Thailand and South Korea – expected to see their population more than halve.

“That is jaw-dropping,” Prof Christopher Murray told me.

China, currently the most populous nation in the world, is expected to peak at 1.4 billion in four years’ time before nearly halving to 732 million by 2100. India will take its place.

The UK is predicted to peak at 75 million in 2063, and fall to 71 million by 2100.

Graph of population sizesImage copyrightBBC SPORT

However, this will be a truly global issue, with 183 out of 195 countries having a fertility rate below the replacement level.

Why is this a problem?

You might think this is great for the environment. A smaller population would reduce carbon emissions as well as deforestation for farmland.

“That would be true except for the inverted age structure (more old people than young people) and all the uniformly negative consequences of an inverted age structure,” says Prof Murray.

Baby and granddadImage copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionThe world faces a shift from young to old

The study projects:

  • The number of under-fives will fall from 681 million in 2017 to 401 million in 2100.
  • The number of over 80-year-olds will soar from 141 million in 2017 to 866 million in 2100.

Prof Murray adds: “It will create enormous social change. It makes me worried because I have an eight-year-old daughter and I wonder what the world will be like.”

Who pays tax in a massively aged world? Who pays for healthcare for the elderly? Who looks after the elderly? Will people still be able to retire from work?

“We need a soft landing,” argues Prof Murray.

Are there any solutions?

Countries, including the UK, have used migration to boost their population and compensate for falling fertility rates.

However, this stops being the answer once nearly every country’s population is shrinking.

“We will go from the period where it’s a choice to open borders, or not, to frank competition for migrants, as there won’t be enough,” argues Prof Murray.

Some countries have tried policies such as enhanced maternity and paternity leave, free childcare, financial incentives and extra employment rights, but there is no clear answer.

Sweden has dragged its fertility rate up from 1.7 to 1.9, but other countries that have put significant effort into tackling the “baby bust” have struggled. Singapore still has a fertility rate of around 1.3.

Prof Murray says: “I find people laugh it off; they can’t imagine it could be true, they think women will just decide to have more kids.

“If you can’t [find a solution] then eventually the species disappears, but that’s a few centuries away.”

The researchers warn against undoing the progress on women’s education and access to contraception.

Prof Stein Emil Vollset said: “Responding to population decline is likely to become an overriding policy concern in many nations, but must not compromise efforts to enhance women’s reproductive health or progress on women’s rights.”

What about Africa?

The population of sub-Saharan Africa is expected to treble in size to more than three billion people by 2100.

And the study says Nigeria will become the world’s second biggest country, with a population of 791 million.

Prof Murray says: “We will have many more people of African descent in many more countries as we go through this.

“Global recognition of the challenges around racism are going to be all the more critical if there are large numbers of people of African descent in many countries.”

Why is 2.1 the fertility rate threshold?

You might think the number should be 2.0 – two parents have two children, so the population stays the same size.

But even with the best healthcare, not all children survive to adulthood. Also, babies are ever so slightly more likely to be male. It means the replacement figure is 2.1 in developed countries.

Nations with higher childhood mortality also need a higher fertility rate.

Filed in: Articles, Economy, World

One Response to “Fertility rate: ‘Jaw-dropping’ global crash in children being born : A Great Opportunity For India If cashed with Strong Will”

  1. July 17, 2020 at 2:55 pm #

    Interesting article. Dilemmas that Hindu-s face is very real, may precipitate into a full blown crisis if not handled deftly.
    Good reading.

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