10:20 am - Sunday October 22, 2017

जीएसटी क्यों किसी का जीवन आसान नहीं करेगा ? : Will GST make Life simple? Not a chance! – rediff

जीएसटी  क्यों किसी का जीवन आसान नहीं करेगा ? :  Will GST make Life simple? Not a chance! – rediff

देश ३० जून की मध्य रात्रि को एक विशेष संसद के अधिवेशन मैं देश मैं जीएसटी लागू करेगा . यह स्वत्न्र  भारत की कर व्यवस्था मैं बहुत बड़ा परिवर्तन है . इसका लागू कर पाना सरकार की एक बहुत बड़ी उपलब्धि है . तीन साल की जद्दो जहद के बाद सरकार इस पर सर्व सम्मति बना पाई है और हमारे प्रजातंत्र की व्यवस्था का यह एक प्रगतिशील उदाहरण है .

परन्तु जीएसटी  जो भारत की आर्थिक उन्नति के लिए एक क्रांतिकारी कदम हो सकता था उसे सरकारी बाबुओं ने एक भद्दा मजाक बना दिया है . इस हालत मैं न तो उद्योगों को न व्यापारियों को और न ही आम जनता को इससे कुछ फायदा होने जा रहा है . बल्कि नोट बंदी की तरह यह लोकप्रिय कदम  भी हमारी आर्थिक प्रगति को अवरुद्ध ही करेगा . अगले दो साल तक तो आम जनता की तकलीफें बढेंगी ही . यदि टैक्स की राशि उतनी ही होगी तो टैक्स कम तो हो ही नहीं सकता बल्कि मध्यम वर्ग द्वारा अधिकाँश दैनिक उपयोग की वस्तुओं पर टैक्स बढेगा . इंदिरा युग जैसा बाबु राज जो पहले ही अपनी चरम सीमा पर है और बढ़ जाएगा . भारत मैं जीएसटी की दस दरें होंगी जब की इंडोनेशिया मैं दो , बेल्जियम मैं चार ब्राज़ील मैं पाँच और चीन मैं छः दर हैं . जीएसटी दर बनाने मैं बाबुओं को एक बटेर और मिल गयी और देश की जनता उद्योगपति व्  व्यापारी और बाबुओं के सामने  सिर्फ हाथ जोड़े खड़े हो सकते हैं .फ़्रांस व् जर्मनी जैसे देश सिर्फ दो दरों से काम चला लेते हैं हम मैं पता नहीं क्या सुर्ख़ाब के पर लगे हैं ? . ट्रक अब भी सीमा चौकियों पर रोके जायेंगे इसलिए राज्यों की पोलिस की आमदनी कम नहीं होगी न ही ट्रक जल्दी चलेंगे .

कानून इतने कठिन हैं की पाँच लाख लोगों की सिर्फ कंप्यूटर मैं आंकड़े डालने के लिए बहाली होगी  . अभी इसकी तैय्यारी पूरी नहीं है .तब तक अफ्राह तफरी ही रहेगी फिर समय सीमा खतम हो जायेगी .इनकी तनख्वाह कौन देगा निरीह जनता !

अब यह साफ़ हो चुका है देश की आर्थिक दशा और दिशा संभालना इस सरकार आर्थिक मंत्रालय के कमंडरों  के बस की बात नहीं है . उनका ध्येय तालियाँ बजवा कर चुनाव जीतना और अपनी कुर्सी बचाना है . उनको उद्योग जगत को वास्तविकताओं  का कोई ज्ञान नहीं है उनका हर नया कदम उद्योगों को नुक्सान पहुंचा रहा है .वह अपने अभिमान मैं सिर्फ इंदिरा गाँधी युग का लाइसेंस राज वापिस ला रहे हैं जिससे देश का भला नहीं हो सकता .

हमारी आर्थिक प्रफ्गति सिर्फ सरकारी झूठे  आंकड़ों  मैं ही झलकेगी धरातल पर नहीं जैसा की नीचे के लेख से विदित होगा.

Will GST make Life simple? Not a chance! – rediff

‘In practice, GST will increase the pain of compliance, if not the cost, a lot.’
‘It also has clauses that offer scope to create a single market for corruption,’ warns Devangshu Datta.
Illustration: Dominic Xavier/Rediff.com

Illustration: Dominic Xavier

The GST is considered a simplified tax code. It will stop tax cascades and it is touted as minimising cost of compliance.

It should also turn India into one single market. In practice, it will increase the pain of compliance, if not the cost, a lot.

It also has clauses that offer scope to create a single market for corruption. Along the way, it will generate huge amounts of make-work.

Most countries with GST/VAT have a single or double rate of taxation (including 0 per cent).

Some have complicated tax codes with four or more rates.

Indonesia, for instance, has two rates.

Belgium has four, Brazil has five, and China has six.

India will have 10 rates (plus zero) if we include the all the cesses (we should, since cesses are levied on top of the GST rate).

To add to the complexity, items have been slotted into various slabs or exempted in the usual creative fashion.

Anybody who has had the dubious pleasure of studying Union Budgets is well aware of the apparently random way items are taxed.

This is actually not random at all; it is a good guide to the political clout wielded by specific industry lobbies and industrialists.

Specialists in Indian tax codes can often be heard wondering how First World nations such as Germany (two rates) and France (four rates) can survive while charging the same rates for items as diverse as ‘signboard painter’s colours’ and ‘ball pen ink’.

India’s tax experts, on the other hand, make nuanced judgements to distinguish between such items.

Often, the judgements are so nuanced that they don’t make sense.

For example, all types of contraceptives (zero rate), sindoor (zero rate), and other ‘puja goods’ (zero rate) are discounted due to national importance.

However, tampons (12 per cent) and sanitary towels (12 per cent) are charged, presumably because they are not nationally important.

Chessboards are luxury items (28 per cent), electronic toys such as tricycles with batteries are not (12 per cent).

The new anti-profiteering clause gives officers considerable powers to ask businesses why they are pricing goods at Rs X instead of Rs Y.

Again, this might seem inherently absurd. But it seems like a lever given to officers as an incentive to squeeze businesses.

If this clause is to be faithfully implemented, the officers should ask for pre-GST and post-GST cost sheets, calculate pre-GST tax rates and post-GST tax rates for every product, and set what the tax department considers reasonable prices.

Instead of this weirdness, the government could just revert to the good old Licence Raj era and set prices directly.

Why not throw in manufacturing quotas for every product as well, to further simplify processes?

As to ease of compliance, any business will now have to file forms at every point of registration where it operates.

An entity with several business verticals will have to register multiple times in the same state.

This will mean insane levels of duplication and reduplication of paperwork.

What’s more, the GSTN is being operated by an organisation which is 51 per cent privately owned and completely opaque in operating style.

To my knowledge, RTIs pertaining to the GSTN have been summarily rejected although one would have thought this organisation needed to be transparent in the public interest.

The irony: India’s current tax codes are so horribly complex that even this khichdi is an improvement.

If it does stop tax-cascades, and if refunds and rebates come without undue delays, it would result in lower tax incidence for many organisations.

Most businesses are inured to paying speed money anyhow and reckon they can handle the anti-profiteering clause ‘informally’.

The final kicker is that this system, despite being ‘simpler’, will not result in deployment of less manpower.

Initially, one had assumed that state excise departments would be subsumed and manpower resources would eventually dwindle.

Now it appears that the GST will require the induction of an additional 500,000 data entry-operators.

This is truly a splendid example of where slogans such as ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’ can lead in practice.

Devangshu Datta

A COUNTERVIEW OF BENEFITS : TIMESNOW

 

What is GST and how will consumers benefit from it?

After a decade-long wait, India will finally implement the Goods and Service tax from July 1, the GST will help remove tax barriers between states, creating a single market. The roll-out will replace a plethora of cascading central, state, interstate and local taxes with a single, nationwide, value-added tax on goods and services.

Alos read: GST rates on 66 items revised by GST Council

Here’s all you need to know about GST:

What GST is all about:

The GST will replace at least 17 state taxes that would make taxation of goods and services far simpler than the current system.  GST would enable goods to be taxed at the point of consumption rather than production thus avoiding double taxation.

How GST will benefit us as consumers:

Once GST is implemented, consumers will not be subjected to the burden of double taxation; which mean that all taxes will be levied at the times of purchase will include both the central government’s taxes as well as the state government’s taxes. The move would deter state governments from indiscriminately increasing taxes.

Also Read: 70% of all goods and some consumer durables to become cheaper under GST

The Economic Impact of implementing GST:

According to Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, the introduction of GST can boost India’s economic growth by as much as 2 percentage points as greater tax compliance would boost revenues for the government. This would, in turn, reduce the budget deficit, and the revenues could help in building schools and highways.

Tax rate under the new GST regime: 

So far, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has revealed the GST tax rates for about 66 items.

Here are the key rate changes

  • There would be two categories of GST rates on cinema, 28% in case tickets above Rs.100 and 18% in case of tickets up to Rs.100
  • GST rate on printers cut to 18% from the 28% that was decided earlier
  • Packaged food, including some fruits and vegetables, pickles, toppings, instant food, sauces revised from 18% to 12%
  • GST rate on children’s colouring books cut to nil from 12%
  • GST on insulin, agarbattis lowered to 5% from 12%
  • GST on school bags to attract tax of 18% as compared to the 28% earlier
  • GST rate on insulin cut from 12 to 5%

What companies have to do to help implement GST: 

Companies will have to revamp their accounting systems, but this could only involve a one-time investment.

Moreover, the GST Council clarified that the norm for filing tax returns have been relaxed until September to protect the interests of smalls traders and businessmen.

In addition to the tax filing relaxation, the council has also approved the creation of an anti-profiteering authority, which will exist for two years and help guide the process of transition, apart from clearing out the initial snags.

Filed in: Articles, Economy

One Response to “जीएसटी क्यों किसी का जीवन आसान नहीं करेगा ? : Will GST make Life simple? Not a chance! – rediff”

  1. June 25, 2017 at 11:14 am #

    Prophets of Doom & Destruction are over-active 24 x 7 x 365 on every development

    move in the country.

    GST is working successfully in so many countries but for these anti-national bastards,

    Bharata should rot to hell, so that these scallywags rejoice on roads !! For these

    bastards, Hindu is the worst animal, should be treated like an animal.

    These anti-national bastards condemn every development move undertaken by the

    Government when the whole world is admiring the Govt.

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